写在 lesson co-design之后

上回随玉云和静骅、许薇、海晶和涓涓聊教学转眼已是5个月前的事了。今天下午我们在南洋女中的聊话主要环绕阅读教学的设计——借流行歌曲、通过学生个人及小组协作学习去巩固和提升他们的赏析能力(分别作书面文字的理解+文字的隐含义;后者尤其是关键学习目标)。以下记录的是我们的知识共创:

这是今天有缘人的合照:

(左-右:(前)海晶、涓涓、玉云;(后)静骅、许薇)

除了我们的共创内容之外,有两句话我想记下来:
一、开始讨论前许薇说道:“上回我们提起的Affordances,最近学校里在谈SLS的使用时,我觉得我能够从这个角度去思考。”;
二、我们的讨论至尾声的时候,海晶说道:“我们上回谈的内容,我不时还打开照片来复习。”

这两句话对于说话的朋友或许是不经意的,但从教学的角度无疑是另一次evidence of learning,同时也肯定了我和老师们一起学习时所投入的精神是值得的。当然,这一切也不能忘记最关键性的一个人 —— 谢谢玉云无私地带着我让我有机会和老师朋友们一起学习成长 (:

KBSI 2016 paper

today is the first day of the Knowledge Building Summer Institute (KBSI 2016). had the chance to have some conversation with the KB community as we presented our paper “Teachers’ understanding of knowledge creation: A phenomenography of Singapore Chinese Language teachers“. the paper can be found in the local mirror:

160619-kbsi2016

won’t be able to make it for tmr as i’ll be facilitating the 2nd f2f session of Clinic 12470. day 3 morning, should be joining the folks at a school visit to teck whye sec.

if u were ah ma …

… which 孙子 do u think has done best (if u have to 3C1), and why? 😛

and if u were a CL teacher (not ah ma), which 孙子/学生 do u think has done best, and why? (:

(credit goes to TS for first sharing this on fb)

idea improvement and CL learning

two days ago, met my 老师 for a little chat. and we came upon the topic of knowledge creation (k/c) in learning of CL — how does it look like?

assuming we were to use knowledge building (kb) pedagogy (Scardamalia & Bereaver, 2006) as the guide, ‘idea improvement’ would be a basic tenet. so what does idea improvement look like in CL? what is an idea in CL to begin with?

老师 recalled in the past, CL teachers in his 802 class have had problem reconciling CL and idea improvement. this is an observation, and to me, it’s also a phenomenon. what is the reason behind this phenomenon? we have to perhaps understand what is CL teaching and/or learning to CL teachers? just four days earlier, we were having lunch with a very senior and experienced CL teacher, and he said “有不少华文老师觉得怎样才能学好华文?” the answer is Beethoven the musician (背多分).

Beethoven (背多分) to me reflects CL teachers’ personal epistemology. sadly, it’s tended towards the naive end. what do you 背? naturally, it’s existing knowledge. existing knowledge by who? experts, authority, 前辈,etc. if knowledge created by experts have a higher value, this indicates ‘experts’ exist (cf. omniscient authority). if an authority exists, what is the chance of CL teachers expecting students, who are just beginning to learn and are generally having low CL proficiencies, be creating knowledge? not to mention 尊师重道、长幼有序 is inherent in Confucius’ teachings. one is expected to respect the authority, and accept the 千年累计流传下来的知识。 背,才会有多分。背得越多,得分越多。Hail Beethoven!

following my interpretation of these CL teachers’ personal epistemology, an ‘idea’ would be knowledge that’s been passed down from some authority. would there be a need to improve such an idea? it’s effectively asking these teachers to question the music Beethoven has written 🙂

if we were to encounter another group of CL teachers who possess more sophisticated epistemic beliefs, what would an ‘idea’ be in CL per se? perhaps we can look at what can be created, or are created in language classroom/lessons? yes, literary-related creations, e.g. written compositions, essays, poems, novels, etc. these are creations at a 篇-level. if it’s too ‘big’, we can always reduce the scope and create 段、句、词、字 instead for learners at different levels. assuming each of these could be an ‘idea’, what would idea improvement look like? what would kb discourse be about? yes, i would think it would be about these building blocks in their respective creations, individual or group work. why do student (or group) A choose to use this adjective in his/her sentence? why do student B think that student A’s choice could be improved; justify why, and the ‘improved’ choice? such idea improvement talk can occur at all levels – 字、词、句、段、篇, and related linguistics ideas would inevitably be brought in during the discourse (for e.g. 修辞、语义、段落、篇章结构). if the creation is oral instead of written, ideas of 语音、语速、语调 could be added.

so, perhaps if a CL teacher were to ask me “is knowledge creation possible in CL learning/teaching?” i would probably say “let’s examine your personal epistemology(‘s sophistication) first” 🙂

knowledge creation photoacknowledgement: Photo by woodleywonderworks

knowledge creation paper for LICE 2014

this is my paper for the London International Conference 2014.

150811-LICE2014

To cite: Tan, Y.H. (2014). Language teachers and conceptions of knowledge creation in education. In C.A. Shoniregun, & G.A. Akmayeva. (Ed.), Proceedings of London International Conference on Education LICE-2014 (pp. 330-334). London, UK: Infonomics Society.

alternatively, you may find the paper on academia.edu (: