The paper, entitled Recognising Learning: Educational and pedagogic issues in e-Portfolios, is based on developing and implementing e-portfolios in three different European projects. It is argued that insufficient attention has been paid to the pedagogy of e-portfolio development and that existing applications and implementations tend to be overly dominated by the requirements of assessment. The paper looks at the different pedagogic processes involved in the development of an e-portfolio. It considers the competences required for developing and maintaining an e-portfolio. The final section considers the challenges in developing e-portfolio applications.